by: joeyj : 01 May 2012
I. Youngest Grandmasters (GMs) in history
As published by chessbase.com on 07 August 2011 , with Bobby Fischer’s age at 15yrs-6mos-1day as the benchmark, below chart is the compiled list of the 34 players (updated) who held the record for the youngest chess grandmasters (GMs) in history. The age listed (years, mths & days) is the age reckoned on the actual date a player had qualified as a GM (not FIDE’s official rating dates) and the year they gained the title. There are 22 GMs listed at 14-years-old and below and another 12 GMs (No. 23-34) listed at 15 to 15½ years old when they qualified for the title.
Sergey Karjakin formerly of Ukraine Federation (now with Russia) topped the list of theyoungest to attain the GM status in 2002 at the age of 12yrs-7mos.
On 01 April 2011 Daniil Dubov of Russia barged in the 14 years of age and below as the 19th youngest GM at the age of 14yrs-11mos-14days.
A. GMs @ 14-years-old and below
The latest 15 years of age, as of today’s news, to qualify the GM status was Suri Vaibhav (born 8 Feb 1997) who become India’s latest Grand Master when he won the Luc Open in Lille, France on April 29, 2012.  With this feat he now becomes the 27th Youngest Grandmaster at 15yrs-2mos-21days.
B. GMs @ 15 to 15½ years old
The next milestone for a GM to achieve is the Super-GM (SGM) status. Super-GM is an unofficial title used to refer to those GMs with a 2600+ rating.
Wesley So from the Philippines who registered 2610 officially in October 2008 FIDE rating at age 14yrs-11mos-22days is the youngest in the Top List of 7 youngest GMs who had breached the 2600+ mark. Azerbaijan’s Teimour Radjabov at age 15yrs & 20 days came in 2nd youngest and closely followed by the 3rd youngest – Norway’s Magnus Carlsenwho at age 15yrs & 32 days was just 12 days older than Radjabov.
The brand new 15-year-old who made it among the youngest Super-GM in the May 2012 FIDE rating list is Ukraine’s Illya Nyzhnyk who breached with a 2610 rating @ the 2012 European Individual Chess Championship and currently now the 5th youngest at age 15yrs-7mos-4days.
Herein the Top 7 youngest who breached the 2600 mark. (Note: Data used in age computations were based on published and official FIDE ratings @ fide.com)
III. Youngest to breached the 2700 mark (Hydra or Hyper GMs)
The subsequent landmark for a Super-GM to level up is the 2700+ rating fondly called unofficially as the Hydra-GM or Hyper-GM (HGM). FIDE’s May 2012 rating had listed officially only 45 active players @ 2700+ mark. But of course the list does not carry those who had previously breached the mark officially but were not able to maintain the 2700+ rating as well as those who had already retired/inactive or had passed away.
Hereto is the “Top List” of the 6 youngest GMs who had breached the HGM mark with Magnus Carlsen as the youngest at age 16yrs-7mos-1day when he registered 2710 officially in July 2007 FIDE Rating list .
Netherland’s Anish Giri came in 2nd youngest officially in July 2011 rating at age 17yrs & 3days. (Note: Age computations were based on published and official FIDE ratings).
IV. Youngest to breached the 2800 mark (Elite Grandmasters)
The eventual pinnacle rating and dream of every HGM is to breach the 2800+ barrier. To-date there are only 6 GMs in history officially who breached to what we may call eventually as the Elite Grandmaster (EGM) level.
Listed chart below are the 6 Elite GMs arranged accordingly from the youngest to the oldest when they breached the 2800+ mark with Magnus Carlsen as the youngest at age 18yrs-11mos-2days when he registered 2801 in Nov 2009 FIDE rating list.
Armenia’s Levon Aronian was the latest listed 4th youngest EGM when he nailed 2801 in Nov 2010 FIDE rating list at age 28yrs & 26days. (Note: Age computations were based on published and official FIDE ratings).
V. Youngest World Chess Champions (Official and Undisputed)
The zenith and ultimate aspiration of every GM is to become a World Champion.
WCC in U.S.A. 1886
The official World Chess Championship (WCC) begun in 1886 with Wilhelm Steinitz at age 49yrs-10mos-12days became the 1st official World Chess Champion .
Since then there were 15 World Chess Champions recorded as Official and/or Undisputed World Chess Champions with Viswanathan Anand as the reigning 15th World Champion. Anand made his first as the Undisputed World Champion at age 37yrs-9mos-19days in 2007  although he also won the FIDE World Championship 7-years earlier in 2000 but this was during that period 1993 until 2006 when there were still two world chess champions reigning at the same time, the champion of the Professional Chess Association (PCA) & the FIDE’s champion.
The youngest to capture the official/undisputed World Championship was Garry Kasparov of the Soviet Union then in November 9, 1985 at the age of 22yrs-6mos-27days when he became the 13th World Champion . Listed below are the rest of the official/undisputed World Chess Champions arranged in the order of the youngest to the oldest when they achieved the title.
FED – Chess Federation/Country
SEQ – nth as World Champion
Year/Date of WCC – Year & Date (Start-End date) the WCC was held
AGE as WC – Age as World Champion (WC) or age when the player gain the title as WC
Ref – references
2. http://www.chessgames.com/perl/chesspla … &kpage=550
4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Ches … nship_2007
9. http://www.chessville.com/instruction/L … 894g19.htm
21. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Ches … nship_1948
24. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Ches … nship_1886
Posted at 05/01/2012 12:01 AM
1. 05/01/2012 5:55 PM
2. 05/13/2012 11:27 PM
As an updates to this effect PLS READ the following NEW ARTICLES:
1. World’s Youngest To Attain GM, 2600, 2700, 2800 and WC (1st Update) 12 May 2013
2. World’s Youngest To Attain Chess Grandmaster Status. 04 March 2013
3. Wei Yi The World’s Youngest Grandmaster at 13yrs-8mos-24days. 03 March 2013
4. Wesley So Officially Breach the 2700 mark. 01 March 2013